etd@IISc Collection:http://hdl.handle.net/2005/412015-05-23T00:19:33Z2015-05-23T00:19:33ZRicci Flow And Isotropic CurvatureGururaja, H Ahttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/23762014-09-03T05:54:21Z2014-09-02T18:30:00ZTitle: Ricci Flow And Isotropic Curvature
Authors: Gururaja, H A
Abstract: This thesis consists of two parts. In the first part, we study certain Ricci flow invariant nonnegative curvature conditions as given by B. Wilking. We begin by proving that any such nonnegative curvature implies nonnegative isotropic curvature in the Riemannian case and nonnegative orthogonal bisectional curvature in the K¨ahler case. For any closed AdSO(n,C) invariant subset S so(n, C) we consider the notion of positive curvature on S, which we call positive S- curvature. We show that the class of all such subsets can be naturally divided into two subclasses:
The first subclass consists of those sets S for which the following holds: If two Riemannian manifolds have positive S- curvature then their connected sum also admits a Riemannian metric of positive S- curvature.
The other subclass consists of those sets for which the normalized Ricci flow on a closed Riemannian manifold with positive S-curvature converges to a metric of constant positive sectional curvature.
In the second part of the thesis, we study the behavior of Ricci flow for a manifold having positive S - curvature, where S is in the first subclass. More specifically, we study the Ricci flow for a special class of metrics on Sp+1 x S1 , p ≥ 4, which have positive isotropic curvature.2014-09-02T18:30:00ZFourier Analysis On Number Fields And The Global Zeta FunctionsFernandes, Jonathanhttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/23552014-08-04T10:19:32Z2014-08-03T18:30:00ZTitle: Fourier Analysis On Number Fields And The Global Zeta Functions
Authors: Fernandes, Jonathan
Abstract: The study of zeta functions is one of the primary aspects of modern number theory. Hecke was the first to prove that the Dedekind zeta function of any algebraic number field has an analytic continuation over the whole plane and satisfies a simple functional equation. He soon realized that his method would work, not only for Dedekind zeta functions and L–series, but also for a zeta function formed with a new type of ideal character which, for principal ideals depends not only on the residue class of the number(representing the principal ideal) modulo the conductor, but also on the position of the conjugates of the number in the complex field. He then showed that these “Hecke” zeta functions satisfied the same type of functional equation as the Dedekind zeta function, but with a much more complicated factor.
In his doctoral thesis, John Tate replaced the classical notion of zeta function, as a sum over integral ideals of a certain type of ideal character, by the integral over the idele group of a rather general weight function times an idele character which is trivial on field elements. He derived a Poisson Formula for general functions over the adeles, summed over the discrete subgroup of field elements. This was then used to give an analytic continuation for all of the generalized zeta functions and an elegant functional equation was established for them. The mention of the Poisson Summation Formula immediately reminds one of the Theta function and the proof of the functional equation for the Riemann zeta function. The two proofs share close analogues with the functional equation for the Theta function now replaced by the number theoretic Riemann–Roch Theorem. Translating the results back into classical terms one obtains the Hecke functional equation, together with an interpretation of the complicated factor in it as a product of certain local factors coming form the archimedean primes and the primes of the conductor.
This understanding of Tate’s results in the classical framework essentially boils down to constructing the generalized weight function and idele group characters which are trivial on field elements. This is facilitated by the understanding of the local zeta functions. We explicitly compute in both cases, the local and the global, illustrating the working of the ideas in a concrete setup. I have closely followed Tate’s original thesis in this exposition.2014-08-03T18:30:00ZFunction Theory On Non-Compact Riemann SurfacesPhilip, Elizahttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/23302014-06-30T05:19:45Z2014-06-29T18:30:00ZTitle: Function Theory On Non-Compact Riemann Surfaces
Authors: Philip, Eliza
Abstract: The theory of Riemann surfaces is quite old, consequently it is well developed. Riemann surfaces originated in complex analysis as a means of dealing with the problem of multi-valued functions. Such multi-valued functions occur because the analytic continuation of a given holomorphic function element along different paths leads in general to different branches of that function. The theory splits in two parts; the compact and the non-compact case. The function theory developed on these cases are quite dissimilar. The main difficulty one encounters in the compact case is the scarcity of global holomorphic functions, which limits one’s study to meromorphic functions. This however is not an issue in non-compact Riemann surfaces, where one enjoys a vast variety of global holomorphic functions. While the function theory of compact Riemann surfaces is centered around the Riemann-Roch theorem, which essentially tells us how many linearly independent meromorphic functions there are having certain restrictions on their poles, the function theory developed on non-compact Riemann surface engages tools for approximation of functions on certain subsets by holomorphic maps on larger domains. The most powerful tool in this regard is the Runge’s approximation theorem. An intriguing application of this is the Gunning-Narasimhan theorem, which says that every connected open Riemann surface has an immersion into the complex plane. The main goal of this project is to prove Runge’s approximation theorem and illustrate its effectiveness in proving the Gunning-Narasimhan theorem. Finally we look at an analogue of Gunning-Narasimhan theorem in the case of a compact Riemann surface.2014-06-29T18:30:00ZAnalytic Continuation In Several Complex VariablesBiswas, Chandanhttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/23312014-06-30T05:45:03Z2014-06-29T18:30:00ZTitle: Analytic Continuation In Several Complex Variables
Authors: Biswas, Chandan
Abstract: We wish to study those domains in Cn,for n ≥ 2, the so-called domains of holomorphy, which are in some sense the maximal domains of existence of the holomorphic functions defined on them. We demonstrate that this study is radically different from that of domains in C by discussing some examples of special types of domains in Cn , n ≥2, such that every function holomorphic on them extends to strictly larger domains. Given a domain in Cn , n ≥ 2, we wish to construct the maximal domain of existence for the holomorphic functions defined on the given domain. This leads to Thullen’s construction of a domain (not necessarily in Cn)spread overCn, the so-called envelope of holomorphy, which fulfills our criteria. Unfortunately this turns out to beavery abstract space, far from giving us sense in general howa domain sitting in Cn can be constructed which is strictly larger than the given domain and such that all the holomorphic functions defined on the given domain extend to it. But with the help of this abstract approach we can give a characterization of the domains of holomorphyin Cn , n ≥ 2.
The aforementioned characterization is as follows: adomain in Cn is a domain of holomorphy if and only if it is holomorphically convex. However, holomorphic convexity is a very difficult property to check. This calls for other (equivalent) criteria for a domain in Cn , n ≥ 2, to be a domain of holomorphy. We survey these criteria. The proof of the equivalence of several of these criteria are very technical – requiring methods coming from partial differential equations. We provide those proofs that rely on the first part of our survey: namely, on analytic continuation theorems.
If a domain Ω Cn , n ≥ 2, is not a domain of holomorphy, we would still like to explicitly describe a domain strictly larger than Ω to which all functions holomorphic on Ω continue analytically. Aspects of Thullen’s approach are also useful in the quest to construct an explicit strictly larger domain in Cn with the property stated above. The tool used most often in such constructions s called “Kontinuitatssatz”. It has been invoked, without a clear statement, in many works on analytic continuation. The basic (unstated) principle that seems to be in use in these works appears to be a folk theorem. We provide a precise statement of this folk Kontinuitatssatz and give a proof of it.2014-06-29T18:30:00Z