etd@IISc Collection:
http://hdl.handle.net/2005/41
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http://hdl.handle.net/2005/41
Grothendieck Inequality
http://hdl.handle.net/2005/2540
Title: Grothendieck Inequality
Authors: Ray, Samya Kumar
Abstract: Grothendieck published an extraordinary paper entitled ”Resume de la theorie metrique des pro¬duits tensoriels topologiques” in 1953. The main result of this paper is the inequality which is commonly known as Grothendieck Inequality.
Following Kirivine, in this article, we give the proof of Grothendieck Inequality. We refor¬mulate it in different forms. We also investigate the famous Grothendieck constant KG. The Grothendieck constant was achieved by taking supremum over a special class of matrices. But our attempt will be to investigate it, considering a smaller class of matrices, namely only the positive definite matrices in this class. Actually we want to use it to get a counterexample of Matsaev’s conjecture, which was proved to be right by Von Neumann in some specific cases.
In chapter 1, we shall state and prove the Grothendieck Inequality. In chapter 2, we shall introduce tensor product of vector spaces and different tensor norms. In chapter 3, we shall formulate Grothendieck Inequality in different forms and use the notion of tensor norms for its equivalent formation .In the last chapteri.ein chapter4we shall investigate on the Grothendieck constant.Sun, 19 Jun 2016 18:30:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/25402016-06-19T18:30:00ZCurvature Calculations Of The Operators In Cowen-Douglas Class
http://hdl.handle.net/2005/2284
Title: Curvature Calculations Of The Operators In Cowen-Douglas Class
Authors: Deb, Prahllad
Abstract: In a foundational paper “Operators Possesing an Open Set of Eigenvalues” written several decades ago, Cowen and Douglas showed that an operator T on a Hilbert space ‘H possessing an open set Ω C of eigenvalues determines a holomorphic Hermitian vector bundle ET . One of the basic theorems they prove states that the unitary equivalence class of the operator T and the equivalence class of the holomorphic Hermitian vector bundle ET are in one to one correspondence. This correspondence appears somewhat mysterious until one detects the invariants for the vector bundle ET in the operator T and vice-versa. Fortunately, this is possible in some cases. Thus they point out that if the operator T possesses the additional property that the dimension of the eigenspace at ω is 1 for all ω Ω then the map ω ker(T - ω) admits a non-zero holomorphic section, say γ, and therefore defines a line bundle on Ω. As is well known, the curvature defined by the formula is a complete invariant for the line bundle . On the other hand, define
and note that NT (ω)2 = 0. It follows that if T is unitarily equivalent to T˜, then the corresponding operators NT (ω) and NT˜(ω) are unitarily equivalent for all ω Ω. However, Cowen and Douglas prove the non-trivial converse, namely that if NT (ω) and NT˜(ω) are unitarily equivalent for all ω Ω then T and T˜ are unitarily equivalent. What does this have to do with the line bundles and .To answer this question, we must ask what is a complete invariant for the unitary equivalence class of the operator NT (ω). To find such a complete invariant we represent NT (ω) with respect to the orthonormal basis obtained from the two linearly independent vectors γ(ω),∂γ(ω) by Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization process. Then an easy computation shows that It then follows that is a complete invariant for NT (ω), ω Ω. This explains the relationship between the line bundle and the operator T in an explicit manner.
Subsequently, in the paper ”Operators Possesing an Open Set of Eigenvalues”, Cowen and Douglas define a class of commuting operators possessing an open set of eigenvalues and attempt to provide similar computations as above. However, they give the details only for a pair of commuting operators. While the results of that paper remain true in the case of an arbitrary n tuple of commuting operators, it requires additional effort which we explain in this thesis.Sun, 02 Mar 2014 18:30:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/22842014-03-02T18:30:00ZRelative Symplectic Caps, Fibered Knots And 4-Genus
http://hdl.handle.net/2005/2285
Title: Relative Symplectic Caps, Fibered Knots And 4-Genus
Authors: Kulkarni, Dheeraj
Abstract: The 4-genus of a knot in S3 is an important measure of complexity, related to the unknotting number. A fundamental result used to study the 4-genus and related invariants of homology classes is the Thom conjecture, proved by Kronheimer-Mrowka, and its symplectic extension due to Ozsv´ath-Szab´o, which say that closed symplectic surfaces minimize genus.
In this thesis, we prove a relative version of the symplectic capping theorem. More precisely, suppose (X, ω) is a symplectic 4-manifold with contact type bounday ∂X and Σ is a symplectic surface in X such that ∂Σ is a transverse knot in ∂X. We show that there is a closed symplectic 4-manifold Y with a closed symplectic submanifold S such that the pair (X, Σ) embeds symplectically into (Y, S). This gives a proof of the relative version of Symplectic Thom Conjecture. We use this to study 4-genus of fibered knots in S3 .
We also prove a relative version of the sufficiency part of Giroux’s criterion for Stein fillability, namely, we show that a fibered knot whose mondoromy is a product of positive Dehn twists bounds a symplectic surface in a Stein filling. We use this to study 4-genus of fibered knots in S3 . Using this result, we give a criterion for quasipostive fibered knots to be strongly quasipositive.
Symplectic convexity disc bundles is a useful tool in constructing symplectic fillings of contact manifolds. We show the symplectic convexity of the unit disc bundle in a Hermitian holomorphic line bundle over a Riemann surface.Sun, 06 Apr 2014 18:30:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/22852014-04-06T18:30:00ZVector Bundles Over Hypersurfaces Of Projective Varieties
http://hdl.handle.net/2005/2318
Title: Vector Bundles Over Hypersurfaces Of Projective Varieties
Authors: Tripathi, Amit
Abstract: In this thesis we study some questions related to vector bundles over hypersurfaces. More precisely, for hypersurfaces of dimension ≥ 2, we study the extension problem of vector bundles. We find some cohomological conditions under which a vector bundle over an ample divisor of non-singular projective variety, extends as a vector bundle to an open set containing that ample divisor.
Our method is to follow the general Groethendieck-Lefschetz theory by showing that a vector bundle extension exists over various thickenings of the ample divisor.
For vector bundles of rank > 1, we find two separate cohomological conditions on vector bundles which shows the extension to an open set containing the ample divisor. For the case of line bundles, our method unifies and recovers the generalized Noether-Lefschetz theorems by Joshi and Ravindra-Srinivas.
In the last part of the thesis, we make a specific study of vector bundles over elliptic curve.Sun, 01 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/2005/23182014-06-01T18:30:00Z