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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2005/638

Title: Linear Network Coding For Wireline And Wireless Networks
Authors: Sharma, Deepak
Advisors: Vijay Kumar, P
Keywords: Wireless Communication Networks
Network Coding
Linear Network Coding
Vector Linear Network Coding
Wireless Network Coding
Wireline Networks
Wireless Networks
Network Information Flow
Submitted Date: Apr-2007
Series/Report no.: G21669
Abstract: Network Coding is a technique which looks beyond traditional store-and-forward approach followed by routers and switches in communication networks, and as an extension introduces maps termed as ‘local encoding kernels’ and ‘global encoding kernels’ defined for each communication link in the network. The purpose of both these maps is to define rules as to how to combine the packets input on the node to form a packet going out on an edge. The paradigm of network coding was formally and for the first time introduced by Ahlswede et al. in [1], where they also demonstrated its use in case of single-source multiple-sink network multicast, although with use of much complex mathematical apparatus. In [1], examples of networks are also presented where it is shown that network coding can improve the overall throughput of the network which can not otherwise be realized by the conventional store-and-forward approach. The main result in [1], i.e. the capacity of single-source multiple-sinks information network is nothing but the minimum of the max-flows from source to each sink, was again proved by Li, Yeung, and Cai in [2] where they showed that only linear operations suffice to achieve the capacity of multicast network. The authors in [2] defined generalizations to the multicast problem, which they termed as linear broadcast, linear dispersion, and Generic LCM as strict generalizations of linear multicast, and showed how to build linear network codes for each of these cases. For the case of linear multicast, Koetter and Medard in [3] developed an algebraic framework using tools from algebraic geometry which also proved the multicast max-flow min-cut theorem proved in [1] and [2]. It was shown that if the size of the finite field is bigger than a certain threshold, then there always exists a solution to the linear multicast, provided it is solvable. In other words, a solvable linear multicast always has a solution in any finite field whose cardinality is greater than the threshold value. The framework in [3] also dealt with the general linear network coding problem involving multiple sources and multiple sinks with non-uniform demand functions at the sinks, but did not touched upon the key problem of finding the characteristic(s) of the field in which it may have solution. It was noted in [5] that a solvable network may not have a linear solution at all, and then introduced the notion of general linear network coding, where the authors conjectured that every solvable network must have a general linear solution. This was refuted by Dougherty, Freiling, Zeger in [6], where the authors explicitly constructed example of a solvable network which has no general linear solution, and also networks which have solution in a finite field of char 2, and not in any other finite field. But an algorithm to find the characteristic of the field in which a scalar or general linear solution(if at all) exists did not find any mention in [3] or [6]. It was a simultaneous discovery by us(as part of this thesis) as well as by Dougherty, Freiling, Zeger in [7] to determine the characteristics algorithmically. Applications of Network Coding techniques to wireless networks are seen in literature( [8], [9], [10]), where [8] provided a variant of max-flow min-cut theorem for wireless networks in the form of linear programming constraints. A new architecture termed as COPE was introduced in [10] which used opportunistic listening and opportunistic coding in wireless mesh networks.
URI: http://etd.iisc.ernet.in/handle/2005/638
Appears in Collections:Electrical Communication Engineering (ece)

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