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Title: Dynamic State Estimation Techniques For Identification Of Parameters Of Finite Element Structural Models
Authors: Ahmed, Nasrellah Hassan
Advisors: Manohar, C S
Keywords: Structural Analysis
Finite Element Method
State Estimation
Parameter Estimation
Extended Kalman Filter (EKF)
Structural System Identification
Particle Filter
Kalman Filtering
Particle Filtering Algorithm
Submitted Date: Apr-2009
Series/Report no.: G23078
Abstract: The thesis outlines the development and application of a few novel dynamic state estimation based methods for estimation of parameters of vibrating engineering structures. The study investigates strategies for data fusion from multiple tests of possibly different types and different sensor quantities through the introduction of a common pseudo-time parameter. These strategies have been developed within the framework of Kalman and particle filtering techniques. The proposed methods are applied to a suite of problems that includes laboratory and field studies with a primary focus on finite element model updating of bridge structures and vehicle structure interaction problems. The study also describes how finite element models residing in commercially available softwares can be made to communicate with database of measurements via a particle filtering algorithm developed on the Matlab platform. The thesis is divided into six chapters and an appendix. A review of literature on problems of structural system identification with emphasis on methods on dynamic state estimation techniques is presented in Chapter 1. The problem of system parameter idenfification when measurements originate from multiple tests and multiple sensors is considered in Chapter 2. and solution based on Neumann expansion of the structural static/dynamic stiffness matrix and Kalman filtering is proposed to tackle this problem. The question of decoupling the problem of parameter estimation from state estimation is also discussed. The avoidance of linearization of the stiffness matrix and solution of the parameter problems by using Monte Carlo filters is examined in Chapter 3. This also enables treatment of nonlinear structural mechanics problems. The proposed method is assessed using synthetic and laboratory measurement data. The problem of interfacing structural models residing in professional finite element analysis software with measured data via particle filtering algorithm developed on Matlab platform is considered in Chapter 4. Illustrative examples now cover laboratory studies on a beam structure and also filed studies on an existing multi-span masonry railway arch bridge. Identification of parameters of systems with strong nonlinearities, such, as a rectangular rubber sheet with a concentric hole, is also investigated. Studies on parameter identification in beam moving oscillator problem are reported in Chapter 5. The efficacy of particle filtering strategy in identifying parameters of this class of time varying system is demonstrated. A resume of contributions made and a few suggestions for further research are provided in Chapter 6. The appendix contains details of development of interfaces among finite element software(NISA), data base of measurements and particle filtering algorithm (developed on Matlab platform).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2005/675
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering (civil)

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