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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2005/761

Title: Fracture Characteristics Of Self Consolidating Concrete
Authors: Naddaf, Hamid Eskandari
Advisors: Raghu Prasad, B K
Keywords: Concrete - Fracture Mechanics
Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC)
Plain Concrete Beams - Fracture
Plain Concrete Beams - Acoustic Emission
Concrete - Compressive Strength - Artificial Neural Network Models
Self-Consolidating Concrete - Properties
Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
Fly Ash
Un-notched Beams
Notched Beams
Hepto Cracks
Submitted Date: Jul-2008
Series/Report no.: G22894
Abstract: Self-consolidating concrete (SCC) has wide use for placement in congested reinforced concrete structures in recent years. SCC represents one of the most outstanding advances in concrete technology during the last two decades. In the current work a great deal of cognizance pertaining to mechanical properties of SCC and comparison of fracture characteristics of notched and unnotched beams of plain concrete as well as using acoustic emission to understand the localization of crack patterns at different stages has been done. An artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed to predict the 28day compressive strength of a normal and high strength of SCC and HPC with high volume fly ash. The ANN is trained by the data available in literature on normal volume fly ash because data on SCC with high volume fly ash is not available in sufficient quantity. Fracture characteristics of notched and unnotched beams of plain self consolidating concrete using acoustic emission to understand the localization of crack patterns at different stages has been done. Considering this as a platform, further analysis has been done using moment tensor analysis as a new notion to evaluate fracture characteristics in terms of crack orientation, direction of crack propagation at nano and micro levels. Analysis of B-value (b-value based on energy) is also carried out, and this has introduced to a new idea of carrying out the analysis on the basis of energy which gives a clear picture of results when compared with the analysis carried out using amplitudes. Further a new concept is introduced to analyze crack smaller than micro (could be hepto cracks) in solid materials. Each crack formation corresponds to an AE event and is processed and analyzed for crack orientation, crack volume at hepto and micro levels using moment tensor analysis based on energy. Cracks which are tinier than microcracks (could be hepto), are formed in large numbers at very early stages of loading prior to peak load. The volume of hepto and micro cracks is difficult to measure physically, but could be characterized using AE data in moment tensor analysis based on energy. It is conjectured that the ratio of the volume of hepto to that of micro could reach a critical value which could be an indicator of onset of microcracks after the formation of hepto cracks.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2005/761
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering (civil)

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