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|Title: ||Time Dependent Deformations in Normal And Heavy Density Concrete|
|Authors: ||Reddy, D Harinadha|
|Advisors: ||Ramaswamy, Ananth|
|Keywords: ||Concrete - Deformations|
Concrete - Creep and Shrinkage
Concrete Creep and Shrinkage - Statistical Model
Concrete - Time Dependent Deformations
Heavy Density Concrete
|Submitted Date: ||Jun-2009|
|Series/Report no.: ||G23426|
|Abstract: ||Time dependent deformations in concrete, both creep and shrinkage, play a critical role in prestressed concrete structures, such as bridge girders, nuclear containment vessels, etc. These strains result in lossess, through release of prestress, and thereby influence the safety of these structures. The present study comprises of an experimental and analytical program to assess the levels of creep and shrinkage in normal and heavy density concrete. The experimental program includes tests on creep using standard cylinder specimen, while shrinkage studies have been conducted using prism specimen, both under controlled environmental conditions.
The experimental results suggest that creep and shrinkage strains are higher in heavy density concrete than in normal concrete. This may be attributed to the relatively smaller pore structure of heavy density concrete, that results in larger availability of free water and a relatively slower hydration process in comparison to normal concrete. While there is some scatter in the results, creep strains decrease with age of loading and both creep and shrinkage strains are smaller when the relative humidity is higher.
Statistical model reported in the literature for normal concrete is able to predict the test results for both normal and heavy density concrete quite well. Long term predictions of creep and shrinkage using this model, accounting for uncertainties, is also projected and shown to predict some long term measured results not used in the model calibration. The long term predictions are sensitive to the initial data used in model calibration.|
|Appears in Collections:||Civil Engineering (civil)|
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